By Mary C. Edson, Pamela Buckle Henning, Shankar Sankaran
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Extra info for A Guide to Systems Research: Philosophy, Processes and Practice
Kineman it establishes or abstracts a state of the object. Hence, this quadrant explains things in terms of what can be measured about them and the terms of measurement for the system. Act If we ask, thinking inductively, what governs the measurements we might receive, we reverse the cycle to the lower-left quadrant, which is action. It is action, Aristotle’s efficient cause, which explains the occurrence or abstraction of states within a system; that is, action in nature and the action of observing itself.
Chapter 5 articulates various methodologies for carrying out the research. Chapter 6 outlines approaches to reporting research. Chapter 7 examines the competencies required for good systems research, and the final Chapter 8 provides guidelines for evaluating research. References Ackoff, R. L. (1974). Redesigning the future. New York, NY: Wiley. Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an ecology of mind. New York, NY: Ballantine. Beer, S. (1966). Decision and control. London, United Kingdom: Wiley. Bernard, C.
Rosen & Kineman, 2004; R. Rosen, 2012; see also literature on purposeful or purposive systems, Ackoff & Emery, 1972; Giampietro, Allen, & Mayumi, 2006). To the extent that a system actualizes its anticipations, which have the effect of models, it is a participant in a greater system that must, in some way, incorporate its corresponding behavior. Thus anticipations become reality. The Importance of Context Of course, the question we must address is how the framework can help systems research. As such, it represents a qualitative approach within which researchers may consider the organization of a system and therefore the regulation of quantitative processes by contextual conditions.
A Guide to Systems Research: Philosophy, Processes and Practice by Mary C. Edson, Pamela Buckle Henning, Shankar Sankaran