Download PDF by ACI Committee 301: ACI 301-10: Specifications for Structural Concrete

By ACI Committee 301

ISBN-10: 0870314033

ISBN-13: 9780870314032

ACI 301 covers basic building specifications for cast-in-place structural concrete and slabs-on-ground. the 1st 5 sections hide fabrics and proportioning of concrete; reinforcement and prestressing metal; construction, putting, completing, and curing of concrete; formwork functionality standards and building; remedy of joints; embedded goods, fix of floor defects; and completing of shaped and unformed surfaces. Provisions governing trying out, assessment, and attractiveness of concrete in addition to recognition of the constructions are integrated. the remainder sections are dedicated to architectural concrete, light-weight concrete, mass concrete, posttensioned concrete, shrinkage-compensating concrete, commercial ground slabs, tilt-up development, precast structural concrete, and precast architectural concrete.

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Recent approaches to global optimization problems through particle swarm optimization. Natural Computing 1, 235–306 (2002) 12. : Finite element method and programs. South China University Publication (January 2001) (in Chinese) 13. : Matlab guide to finite elements, pp. 53–63. Springer, Heidelberg (2003) 14. : Suructure analysis using Ansys software. Beijing University Publication (2002) (in Chinese) Chapter 3 Optimum Design of Structures with Heuristic Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm Abstract.

1 Introduction In the last 30 years, a great attention has been paid to structural optimization, since material consumption is one of the most important factors influencing building construction. Designers prefer to reduce the volume or weight of structures through optimization. Many traditional mathematical optimization algorithms have been used in structural optimization problems. The traditional optimal algorithms provide a useful strategy to obtain the global optimal solution in a simple model.

Fig. 19 The available cross-section areas of the ASIC code No. 931 No. 22 show the comparison of optimal design results for the 25-bar spatial truss structure under three load cases. While Fig. 22, Fig. 23 and Fig. 24 show comparison of convergence rates for the 25-bar spatial truss structure under three load cases. For all load cases of this structure, three algorithms can achieve the optimal solution after 500 iterations. But Fig. 24 show that the HPSO algorithm has the fastest convergence rate.

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ACI 301-10: Specifications for Structural Concrete by ACI Committee 301

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