By Kenneth E. Wilkening
Acid Rain technology and Politics in Japan is a pioneering paintings in environmental and Asian background in addition to an in-depth research of the impact of technology on family and foreign environmental politics. Kenneth Wilkening's examine additionally illuminates the worldwide fight to create sustainable societies.The Meiji recovery of 1868 ended Japan's period of isolation- created self-sufficiency and sustainability. the hole of the rustic to Western principles and expertise not just introduced pollutants difficulties linked to industrialization (including acid rain) but in addition clinical suggestions for figuring out and struggling with them. Wilkening identifies 3 pollution-related "sustainability crises" in smooth jap heritage: copper mining within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries, which spurred Japan's first acid rain learn and coverage tasks; horrendous post-World battle II family commercial pollutants, which ended in a "hidden" acid rain challenge; and the present-day worldwide challenge of transboundary toxins, in which Japan is a sufferer of imported acid rain. He lines the country's clinical and coverage responses to those crises via six unique sessions concerning acid rain difficulties and argues that Japan's management function in East Asian acid rain technological know-how and coverage this day could be defined largely via the "historical clinical momentum" generated by way of efforts to confront the problem when you consider that 1868, strengthened by means of Japan's cultural affinity with rain (its "culture of rain"). Wilkening presents an summary of nature, tradition, and the acid rain challenge in Japan to supplement the overall set of ideas he develops to research the interface of technological know-how and politics in environmental policymaking. He concludes with a dialogue of classes from Japan's adventure that may be utilized to the construction of sustainable societies around the globe.
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Additional info for Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan: A History of Knowledge and Action toward Sustainability (Politics, Science, and the Environment)
In modiﬁed form, these frameworks (and their sustainability statements) can be communicated to, and inﬂuence, political decision making. The process by which this takes place is discussed later. In the case of Japan, the history of acid deposition science exhibits recurring periods during which different problem-frameworks were constructed. During some periods the frameworks inﬂuenced the policy world; during others they never made it that far. My task was to ﬁgure out how and why problem-frameworks were constructed in some periods and not in others; and if constructed, how and why they inﬂuenced politics and whether and in what form they addressed sustainability.
It is no coincidence that the problem made its ﬁrst large-scale appearance, and was ﬁrst recorded and researched, in the heartland of the industrial revolution—England. A wide variety of processes, such as power production, chemical reﬁning, cement mixing, smelting, vehicle use, and biomass burning, contribute to the acid deposition problem. But of all these processes the principal contributors are those related to energy production, in particular energy production in coal-ﬁred power plants and energy production by petroleum-powered vehicles.
For instance, the solution path to the acid deposition problem dictates that emissions into the atmosphere from major sources such as coal-ﬁred power plants and automobiles must be lowered, but it doesn’t contain a statement of what sorts of controls must be used to lower the emissions. Sustainability enters the science-policy picture through the solution path. ” For instance, in the case of acid deposition a solution path may specify the amount of acidic inputs a given ecosystem can tolerate without damage.
Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan: A History of Knowledge and Action toward Sustainability (Politics, Science, and the Environment) by Kenneth E. Wilkening