By Rebecca Davis, Kogen Mizuno, Morio Takanashi, Koichiro Yoshida, Takahiro Matsumura, Kazumasa Osaka
This ebook bargains an engrossing account either one of the beginning and improvement of the sutras and of the clergymen who braved perilous trips and mastered unusual languages so one can hold the sutras to new lands.
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Extra resources for Buddhist Sutras: Origin, Development, Transmission
At that time it was not necessary to translate into Chinese the Bud dhist scriptures that were written in the languages of Central Asia, but by the second or third generation, the mother tongues of the immigrants were forgotten, and it became necessary to translate the Buddhist scriptures into Chinese. By that time too the indigenous Chinese had gradually come to believe in Buddhism, and Chinese translations of the scriptures were much more necessary. The first Chinese translation of Buddhist scriptures is thought to have been made during the reign of the Later Han emperor Ming Ti ( r .
In 1 8 1 5, while Sri Lanka was under English rule, the British studied Pali in order to control the country, and in 1 824 a Christian missionary in Colom bo published a voluminous Pali grammar with an extensive Pali vocabulary. " Although the Pali language was then little known in Europ e, their essay elicited a favorable response in the academic world. From that time on, the study of Pali and Pali-language Bud dhist texts gradually advanced in both Sri Lanka and Europe. lll. lll ( 1 82 1-1 908) was a librarian at the University of Copenhagen library, which housed a large collection of works in Pali, including jatakas, stories of the previous incarnations of Shakyamuni.
By the latter part of the fourth century the true doctrines of Buddhism still had not been conv eye d fu lly to the Chinese, either because lack of knowledge prevented their un d ersta n di ng co m p l e te ly those su tras that had been translated or because th e true concepts of Buddhism had not been tran smitted in the translations. The Chinese did not t ruly un derstan d Bu ddhism until Kumarajiva had translated sutras, lec tured, an d written his co mm entari es Thus Kumarajiva's work was extraordinaril y i m po rt a n t to Buddhism in both China and J apan .
Buddhist Sutras: Origin, Development, Transmission by Rebecca Davis, Kogen Mizuno, Morio Takanashi, Koichiro Yoshida, Takahiro Matsumura, Kazumasa Osaka